Journal Article

Line formation in the inner winds of classical T Tauri stars: testing the conical-shell wind solution

Ryuichi Kurosawa and M. M. Romanova

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 426, issue 4, pages 2901-2916
Published in print November 2012 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online November 2012 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21853.x
Line formation in the inner winds of classical T Tauri stars: testing the conical-shell wind solution

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Abstract

We present the emission-line profile models of hydrogen and helium based on the results from axisymmetric magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) simulations of the wind formed near the disc–magnetosphere boundary of classical T Tauri stars (CTTSs). We extend the previous outflow models of ‘the conical-shell wind’ by Romanova et al. to include a well-defined magnetospheric accretion funnel flow which is essential for modelling the optical and near-infrared hydrogen and helium lines of CTTSs. The MHD model with an intermediate mass-accretion rate shows outflows in conical-shell shape with a half opening angle ∼35°. The flow properties such as the maximum outflow speed in the conical-shell wind, maximum inflow speed in the accretion funnel, mass accretion and mass-loss rates are comparable to those found in a typical CTTS. The density, velocity and modified temperature from the MHD simulations are used in a separate radiative transfer model to predict the line profiles and test the consistency of the MHD models with observations. The line profiles are computed with various combinations of X-ray luminosities, temperatures of X-ray-emitting plasma and inclination angles. A rich diversity of line profile morphology is found, and many of the model profiles are very similar to those found in observations. We find that the conical-shell wind may contribute to the emission in some hydrogen lines (e.g. Hα, Hβ, Paβ and Paγ) significantly when the temperature in the wind is relatively high (e.g. ∼104 K); however, the wind contribution decreases rapidly when a lower wind temperature is adopted. The model well reproduces a relatively narrow and low-velocity blueshifted absorption component in He i λ10830, which are often seen in observations.

Keywords: line: formation; MHD; brown dwarfs; stars: low-mass; stars: pre-main-sequence; stars: winds, outflows

Journal Article.  14182 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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