Journal Article

H <span class="smallCaps">i</span> and dark matter in the windy starburst dwarf galaxy NGC 1705

Gerhardt R. Meurer, Lister Staveley-Smith and N. E. B. Killeen

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 300, issue 3, pages 705-717
Published in print November 1998 | ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online November 1998 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-8711.1998.t01-1-01905.x
H i and dark matter in the windy starburst dwarf galaxy NGC 1705

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Abstract

We present 21-cm H i line observations of the blue compact dwarf galaxy NGC 1705. Previous optical observations show a strong outflow powered by an ongoing starburst dominating the H ii morphology and kinematics. In contrast, most of the H i lies in a rotating disc. An extraplanar H i spur accounts for ∼8 per cent of the total H i mass, and is possibly associated with the H ii outflow. The inferred mass loss rate out of the core of the galaxy is significant, ∼0.2–2 M yr−1, but does not dominate the H i dynamics. Mass model fits to the rotation curve show that the dark matter (DM) halo is dominant at nearly all radii and has a central density ρ0 ≈ 0.1 M pc−3: ten times higher than typically found in dwarf irregular galaxies, but similar to the only other mass-modelled blue compact dwarf, NGC 2915. This large difference strongly indicates that there is little evolution between dwarf irregular and blue compact dwarf types. Instead, dominant DM haloes may regulate the morphology of dwarf galaxies by setting the critical surface density for disc star formation. Neither our data nor catalogue searches reveal any likely external trigger to the starburst in NGC 1705.

Keywords: galaxies: individual: NGC 1705; galaxies: ISM; galaxies: kinematics and dynamics; galaxies: starburst; dark matter

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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