Journal Article

Salicylate inhibits fimbriae mediated HEp-2 cell adherence of and haemagglutination by enteroaggregative <i>Escherichia coli</i>

G. Kang, K.A. Balasubramanian, A.R. Koshi, M.M. Mathan and V.I. Mathan

in FEMS Microbiology Letters

Volume 166, issue 2, pages 257-265
Published in print September 1998 |
Published online January 2006 | e-ISSN: 1574-6968 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.1998.tb13899.x

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Abstract

Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAggEC) are associated with both acute and persistent diarrhoea in children. Bowel colonisation due to fimbrial adherence factors appears to play a major role in the disease process. In this study, we investigated the effect of sodium salicylate and 5-aminosalicylic acid on adherence of a type strain and 40 clinical isolates of EAggEC to HEp-2 cells and erythrocytes from different species. Growth in the presence of 10 mM salicylate resulted in markedly decreased adherence to tissue culture cells with 33/40 (82.5%) isolates, and was also associated with inhibition of haemagglutination in 20/33 (60.6%) isolates. Complete or partial inhibition of adherence was also seen in two of five isolates showing localised adherence and three of five isolates with diffuse adherence. Decrease in adherence was associated with decreased or absent expression of fimbriae in 28/40 (70%) of the EAggEC isolates, although production of outer membrane proteins was not affected. Salicylates appear to inhibit adherence mediated by fimbrial adhesins.

Keywords: Cell adherence; Escherichia coli; Haemagglutination; Fimbriae

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