Chapter

Delineating Muslim-Christian Relations

Etty Terem

in Old Texts, New Practices

Published by Stanford University Press

Published in print April 2014 | ISBN: 9780804787079
Published online September 2014 | e-ISBN: 9780804790840 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.11126/stanford/9780804787079.003.0004
Delineating Muslim-Christian Relations

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Chapter 4 focuses on the expansion of contact with foreigners as the growing disparity in power between Morocco and Europe became acute during the second half of the nineteenth century. It analyzes two texts by al-Wazzānī. The first treats the practice whereby growing numbers of Moroccan Muslims became protégés of foreign powers, especially following 1860. Al-Wazzānī's juristic argumentation is a condemnation of Muslim protégés and a rejection of the discourse that authorized the practice. The second text addresses the question of how to treat Muslims who voluntarily reside under non-Muslim rule where the law of sharīʻa does not prevail. Here, al-Wazzānī contested older ways of interpreting the world and accommodated the changes created by the new historical conditions. This chapter demonstrates how al-Wazzānī delegitimized and marginalized certain interpretations and authorized others in order to both challenge and accommodate the historical change dictated by Moroccan modernity.

Keywords: Islamic law; New Miʻyār; fatwās; Muslim-Christian Relations; protégés; migration; dār al-Islām (land of Islām); dār al-?arb (land of war); pre-Protectorate Morocco; Moroccan modernity

Chapter.  14943 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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