Trust or Verification? Accepting Vulnerability in the Making of the INF Treaty

Nicholas J. Wheeler, Joshua Baker and Laura Considine

in Trust, but Verify

Published by Stanford University Press

Published in print November 2016 | ISBN: 9780804798099
Published online May 2017 | e-ISBN: 9781503600133 | DOI:
Trust or Verification? Accepting Vulnerability in the Making of the INF Treaty

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This chapter uses the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty as a case study to explore the relationship between trust and verification. It argues that the acceptance of verification measures has to be considered an act of trust, since it implies the acceptance of one's vulnerability as a result of an altered perception of the trustworthiness of one's opponent. More specifically, the chapter illustrates how Gorbachev's notion of trustworthiness toward the United States changed through the influence of his inner circle, his understanding of the dynamics of a security dilemma fed by mutual fear and mistrust, his trusting actions toward the development of a common security on an international level, and his personal relationship with Ronald Reagan.

Keywords: INF Treaty; Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty; verification; verification measures; Mikhail Gorbachev; trustworthiness; security dilemma; common international security; Ronald Reagan

Chapter.  8236 words. 

Subjects: Political History

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