Journal Article

Making Peace and War in the ‘City State’ of Worms, 1235-1273

David S. Bachrach

in German History

Published on behalf of German History Society

Volume 24, issue 4, pages 505-525
Published in print October 2006 | ISSN: 0266-3554
Published online October 2006 | e-ISSN: 1477-089X | DOI:
Making Peace and War in the ‘City State’ of Worms, 1235-1273

Show Summary Details


Specialists working on the western medieval empire have long identified the cities of Northern Italy as politically precocious in comparison with contemporary cities in the German kingdom. In particular, scholars have emphasized the development of de facto, if not de jure, sovereignty in the cities of Lombardy and Tuscany, including Florence, Sienna, and particularly Milan, based on their ability to make peace and wage war on their own behalf without the interference of secular or ecclesiastical princes. The present study examines the development of the capacity by the German Rhineland city of Worms to make peace and wage war on its own behalf during the mid-thirteenth century, long before German cities are thought to have had these attributes of sovereignty. Although focusing on Worms, this study calls into question the broader chronology of urban political development in the German kingdom and northern Italy during the later middle ages.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: European History

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.