Chapter

The Czech Republic: tradition compatible with modernisation?<sup>1</sup>

Martin Potůček

in The Europeanisation of social protection

Published by Policy Press

Published in print September 2007 | ISBN: 9781847420206
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303794 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847420206.003.0008
The Czech Republic: tradition compatible with modernisation?1

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Compared to other national models, the Czech social policy model is an outcome of historical legacies, decisions made at several times by different actors filtered by street-level implementation of capacities and mirrored by public reflections of its operations and effects. Up to now, it has been able to resist the one-sided, hard-line reforms happening in some other post-communist countries. The Czech Republic's gradual development has been characterised by its functional adaptation to societal, political, and economic changes, which preserved core functions universal to basic social and health services, thus preventing the most vulnerable people from falling into poverty. Even with the impact of the EU, domestic factors and actors have played a decisive role in this development. This chapter discusses the Czech Republic model of social policy. The first section discusses the European and Czech social models, which are fully compatible in terms of history, culture, institutional frameworks, attitudes of the population, and political legitimacy. The chapter then discusses the underlying principles inspiring the national reforms of the country. The final section focuses on the reception and reflection of the country on the EU-related initiatives.

Keywords: Czech social policy; EU; Czech Republic; social policy; European social model; Czech social model; national reforms; EU-related initiatives

Chapter.  5756 words. 

Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology

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