Equality and Marshallian citizenship: why E does not equal MC

Martin Powell

in Devolution and social citizenship in the UK

Published by Policy Press

Published in print January 2009 | ISBN: 9781847420367
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447302056 | DOI:
Equality and Marshallian citizenship: why E does not equal MC

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This chapter takes on two key points about T.H. Marshall that are all too often asserted rather than demonstrated. The first is that Marshall's work is in some simple way about equality. Citizenship and social class is still innovative, precisely because it is not about equality; it is about the relationship between equality and inequality in the society. The second point is that Marshall described the British welfare state at the time of writing. The chapter argues instead that it is possible to identify a Marshallian welfare state (MWS) and then place it on a continuum with other models of the welfare state. It suggets that the MWS is not the basic welfare state model of contemporary Britain; if anything, the welfare state of Beveridge is a more accurate description. This, in turn, means that many discussions of the welfare state and of Marshall require more or less severe recalibration.

Keywords: T.H. Marshall; social class; equality; British welfare state; Beveridge; Marshallian welfare stat

Chapter.  6471 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Urban and Rural Studies

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