Social citizenship, devolution and policy divergence

Michael Keating

in Devolution and social citizenship in the UK

Published by Policy Press

Published in print January 2009 | ISBN: 9781847420367
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447302056 | DOI:
Social citizenship, devolution and policy divergence

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This chapter reviews the development of policy in England, Scotland, and Wales since devolution. It identifies patterns of change in the public services and a ‘populist turn’ in areas where there were no strong pre-existing policy communities with their own ideas. While the devolved bodies are functionally restricted, the implications of the new politics are wider, creating new expectations across the political spectrum. The chapter concludes that while true Scottish or Welsh social citizenship may or may not evolve, ‘the old British model’, captured by Marshall at the moment of its completion, is becoming a thing of the past. This approach also, implicitly, de-emphasises the mechanics of policy making; policy divergence might change social citizenship. It also highlights the role of finance and ‘interstitial’ policies where different governments meet.

Keywords: England; Scotland; Wales; public services; social citizenship; policy making

Chapter.  8015 words. 

Subjects: Urban and Rural Studies

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