Chapter

Conclusions and overview

Peter Lloyd-Sherlock

in Population ageing and international development

Published by Policy Press

Published in print January 2010 | ISBN: 9781847421920
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303022 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847421920.003.0009
Conclusions and overview

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There is no obvious historical point of departure for India's modern development. ‘Development’ has had only limited effects on large parts of the population, who remain trapped in rural poverty. Little evidence shows that the recent economic boom will benefit more than a small minority of the population and, as a result, fertility rates have remained high and population ageing has been less pronounced than in Argentina or South Africa. Given India's geographical diversity, this chapter focuses on two particular states (Uttar Pradesh and Kerala), which demonstrate substantially different patterns of development and population change. The study examines how experiences of later life in India are shaped by gender relations and charts the rising impact of chronic health conditions such as stroke and dementia. The country's various pension schemes have shown to provide minimal protection to the vast majority of older people despite high levels of expenditure.

Keywords: India; economic boom; fertility rates; older people; stroke; dementia; gender relations

Chapter.  1907 words. 

Subjects: Gerontology and Ageing

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