Chapter

Citizen governance: where it came from, where it’s going

Peter John

in Changing local governance, changing citizens

Published by Policy Press

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9781847422170
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301677 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847422170.003.0002
Citizen governance: where it came from, where it’s going

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Over the last 40 years, England has moved from being an established mature democracy based on long-embedded political institutions to a more fragmented and less legitimate political system that is less clear about the role of the citizen. This chapter elucidates the UK debate about the different forms of representation as the country moved to a more fragmented political system. It discusses changing citizen attitudes and behaviours since the 1960s and the participation reforms of the 1970s. The chapter considers the debate about consumers and citizens during the new public management reforms of the 1980s and 1990s. It moves on to plot the various citizen-centred initiatives that have emerged during the last three decades, concentrating on those the Labour Party introduced after entering government in 1997. Finally, the chapter assesses the significance and impact of these changes, in particular whether citizen engagement introduced by the state can create an effective and autonomous civic input into decision making.

Keywords: England; citizen; governance; democracy; behaviour; Labour Party; political system; reform

Chapter.  6590 words. 

Subjects: Social Movements and Social Change

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