Chapter

Children in custody

Rod Morgan

in Children and young people in custody

Published by Policy Press

Published in print November 2008 | ISBN: 9781847422613
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301752 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847422613.003.0002
Children in custody

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In 2000, the Youth Justice Board (YJB), created by the Crime and Disorder Act of 1998, sought and was given responsibility for commissioning and purchasing all custodial places in England and Wales required for children and young people by the criminal courts by virtue of their remand and sentencing decisions. YJB took on provision for what is proportionately the largest population of children in penal custody in Western Europe. It was arguably a poisoned chalice. This chapter addresses three questions. What, over the past decade, has been the trend regarding use of custody for children and youths and who are the young people in custody? How is the provision of custody for children organised, managed and made accountable? And what are the prospects for change? First, it looks at the population trends and characteristics of children at risk, and then discusses governance, organisation and accountability regarding those children.

Keywords: England; Wales; children; custody; Youth Justice Board; population; governance; organisation; accountability

Chapter.  6448 words.  Illustrated.

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