Chapter

European perspectives on prevention

Rob Allen

in Prevention and youth crime

Published by Policy Press

Published in print November 2008 | ISBN: 9781847422637
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303060 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847422637.003.0008
European perspectives on prevention

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The case for prevention is at one level self-evident, and there is still widespread support in Europe for Franz von Liszt's (1905) dictum that the best crime policy is social policy. Comparison of data from the United Nations Children's Fund against the prison population shows that countries that rank highly on child well-being tend to have lower rates of imprisonment than those who fare badly. International standards also contain some warnings about the potentially harmful consequences of early intervention. The age of criminal responsibility in England and Wales is uncommonly low: in most European countries, responding to children at risk of or involved in delinquency is much more centrally a matter for the social welfare authorities than in the United Kingdom. This chapter looks at specific programmes that focus on families, schools and the community. The examples draw heavily on an excellent review of good practice in youth crime prevention across the European Union and a piece of comparative research undertaken for the Youth Justice Board in the UK.

Keywords: European Union; Youth Justice Board; United Kingdom; social welfare; youth crime; crime prevention; families; schools; community; early intervention

Chapter.  4546 words.  Illustrated.

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