Chapter

The changing British welfare state

Martin Evans and Lewis Williams

in A generation of change, a lifetime of difference?

Published by Policy Press

Published in print September 2009 | ISBN: 9781847423054
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301387 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847423054.003.0002
The changing British welfare state

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This chapter puts the past 30 years of policy change into a longer historical context and broadens the focus to consider a wide range of policy and social policy, and governmental and political change. A troubled economy and industrial unrest overshadowed social policy and led to the fall of the Edward Heath government in the early part of the 1970s. The Labour government of 1974–79 introduced a raft of anti-discrimination laws and expanded universal benefits, non-means-tested benefits and second-tier state pensions. In the 1980s, the overall inequity of the poll tax played a part in its huge unpopularity and that tax contributed to Margaret Thatcher's downfall. John Major's government moved back to a property-based tax for local government finance and introduced individualised income taxation. Tony Blair set the historic target of eradicating child poverty within a generation in the annual Beveridge lecture in 1999 and Gordon Brown subsequently announced the aim of ending pensioner poverty.

Keywords: British welfare state; Edward Heath; Labour government; Margaret Thatcher; John Major; Tony Blair; Gordon Brown; British social policy; taxation; poverty

Chapter.  10397 words. 

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