Family income as a protective factor for child outcomes

Ilan Katz and Gerry Redmond

in Social Policy Review 21

Published by Policy Press

Published in print June 2009 | ISBN: 9781847423733
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303480 | DOI:
Family income as a protective factor for child outcomes

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This chapter observes that children from materially deprived backgrounds often have poorer developmental outcomes than those from high-income families, little research has examined exactly what it is about poor families that link to inadequate parenting, and there is a need to look at other points in the income distribution to bring these factors to light. It finds that high incomes, but not median or low incomes, seem to be a protective factor for children who score lowly on developmental outcome tests between the ages of four and five, based on a study of Australian children. It notes that this research carries with it significant implications — that there is an urgent need for families who have children with developmental needs to receive significant material resources for those children to develop to their full potential.

Keywords: materially deprived backgrounds; high-income families; inadequate parenting; income distribution; protective factor; developmental outcome tests; Australian children

Chapter.  9692 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Research and Statistics

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