Chapter

New residents in rural areas

Madhu Satsangi, Nick Gallent and Mark Bevan

in The rural housing question

Published by Policy Press

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9781847423856
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303985 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847423856.003.0006
New residents in rural areas

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In the early decades of the twentieth century, the majority of rural areas were losing population. These changes in the population patterns of rural areas were brought about by the emergence of commercial farming, industrialisation, clearance, and closure, hence forcibly moving people out of their lands, eradicating traditional ‘common rights’ and enforcing private ownership. These rural processes have led to the consolidation of land ownership in the hands of a few people; the rise of modern capitalism; and the move towards scientific enlightenment. In addition, the rural processes also led to out-migration and the depopulation of rural areas. This chapter discusses the emergence of new residents in rural areas. After the war period, counter-urbanisation began to return the rural population to its pre-war level. However, these were not the same residents who have toiled the land, rather they are residents with town or city-based jobs who come to the countryside to retire or to purchase second homes. Many of these new residents were ‘consumers’ who were not part of the ‘productive life’ of the countryside. These new residents brought with them new perceptions of what village life should be, new aspirations and different values. In this chapter, two questions are addressed and examined: first, what put the countryside on this trajectory, and second, what implications do the changing population level and resident characteristics have on housing need, housing supply and the rural housing question?

Keywords: commerical farming; common rights; capitalism; land ownership; new residents; out-migration; housing need; housing supply; industrialisation

Chapter.  5298 words. 

Subjects: Urban and Rural Studies

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