Chapter

Five types of inequality

Ferdinand Mount

in Contemporary social evils

Published by Policy Press

Published in print June 2009 | ISBN: 9781847424099
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301981 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847424099.003.0016
Five types of inequality

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This chapter's author caused a stir with his 2004 book Mind the gap, which acknowledged widening social inequalities. The chapter progresses the argument by suggesting that although strides were made towards more equal opportunities in the first three quarters of the twentieth century, it came to a halt through failure to address other inequalities that cause estrangement and resentment in society. In addition, income inequalities and unequal access to opportunities for social advancement are discussed, highlighting ‘inequality of treatment’. Equality is divided into five rough types: political equality, equality of outcome or result, equality of opportunity, equality of treatment and equality of membership in society. These types of equality are described separately. Both ideological wings fail to grasp that inequality is a complex evil. There are other sorts of fairness that must be addressed, the chapter ends by stating.

Keywords: social inequalities; political equality; equality of outcome; equality of opportunity; equality of treatment; equality of membership; social evils

Chapter.  4212 words. 

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