Chapter

Introduction: gender and the family under communism and after

Gillian Pascall and Anna Kwak

in Gender regimes in transition in Central and Eastern Europe

Published by Policy Press

Published in print May 2009 | ISBN: 9781847424204
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447302414 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847424204.003.0001
Introduction: gender and the family under communism and after

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The welfare regimes of Central and Eastern Europe in the communist era had a distinctive gender character. Most Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries now face a new transition into a wider European Union, which has its own agenda of economic, political, and social policies relating to gender. This chapter examines what assumptions the new CEE states make about gender, and what kind of gender regimes are now emerging. Social-policy making has moved from socialist authority to a diversity of states. The reader should always ask about the similarities and differences between the experience of the mothers in Poland and of mothers elsewhere. The chapter ends by presenting a discussion of some aspects of the social and economic and family context of gender under communism and in transition.

Keywords: Central Europe; Eastern Europe; gender; European Union; social policy; Poland; communism; family

Chapter.  9638 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Gender and Sexuality

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