Chapter

Cultures of research and policy in Europe

Leslie Haddon and Gitte Stald

in Kids online

Published by Policy Press

Published in print September 2009 | ISBN: 9781847424396
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447302643 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847424396.003.0005
Cultures of research and policy in Europe

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Europe is traditionally regarded as a cultural entity with shared historical roots, values, systems, and institutions. However, when considering the various levels on which Europe may be understood, one must note that the European Union is more integrated at the political and economic levels than in terms of culture and traditions. This chapter examines societal influences on research and the influence of national research communities. It shows that different studies can be instigated by different stakeholders for a range of reasons, so that the activities and interests of industry, media, public, academics, government, and NGOs may all contribute to the national pool of empirical research on children and the internet. Societal factors, such as the degree of internet adoption, played some role in influencing the variation in cross-national research, as did a range of characteristics of the national research community, such as its size and the timing, or history, of internet studies, itself related to the development of the national internet market.

Keywords: cross-national research; social shaping; empirical research; internet; children

Chapter.  4575 words.  Illustrated.

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