Chapter

Constructing evidence: the development of knowledge which is to be applied

David Byrne

in Applying social science

Published by Policy Press

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9781847424518
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301486 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847424518.003.0003
Constructing evidence: the development of knowledge which is to be applied

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This chapter deals with the development of knowledge which is to be applied in order both to understand what works and to show what has worked — with the improvement of practice and policy and with claims for competence in the development of solutions to the problems of contemporary life — the policy domain, and in the implementation and execution of those policies, the practice domain. It refutes the arguments presented in particular by the Cochrane Collaboration for health, but also with some qualifications endorsed by the Campbell Collaboration in relation to general policy, that is meaningful to construct a hierarchy of modes of production of evidence with the meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials occupying the highest position in that hierarchy. It then considers the issue of variables versus cases by taking forward the complex realist methodological arguments developed in Chapter One.

Keywords: development of knowledge; contemporary life; policy domain; practice domain; Cochrane Collaboration for health; Campbell Collaboration; evidence; randomized controlled trials; variables; complex realist methodological arguments

Chapter.  7744 words. 

Subjects: Social Research and Statistics

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