Chapter

The claim of economic citizenship: the concept of equality in a historical context

Christina Carlsson Wetterberg and Kari Melby

in Gender equality and welfare politics in Scandinavia

Published by Policy Press

Published in print May 2009 | ISBN: 9781847424655
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447302407 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847424655.003.0003
The claim of economic citizenship: the concept of equality in a historical context

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This chapter argues that the marriage reforms of the 1910s and 1920s represented a ‘modified dual breadwinner model’. It specifically compares how the reforms were justified ideologically and how they were designed in Norway and Sweden respectively, highlighting similarities and differences. The focus is placed on the questions regarding economic equality and equality in relation to the custody of children. It is noted that ‘economic citizenship’ was far from fulfilled by the marriage reform. The three different strategies to increase women's economic independence are also reported. The chapter then explores the motivations behind the different rules in Norway and Sweden in terms of equality, difference, and women's empowerment. While the strategy in Norway was in favour of maternity rights beyond the principle of formal gender equality, the equality norm, based on the principle of gender neutrality, prevailed in Sweden.

Keywords: economic citizenship; Norway; Sweden; marriage reform; modified dual breadwinner; economic equality; gender equality

Chapter.  9272 words. 

Subjects: Gender and Sexuality

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