Chapter

Dilemmas of citizenship: tensions between gender equality and cultural diversity in the Danish welfare state

Birte Siim

in Gender equality and welfare politics in Scandinavia

Published by Policy Press

Published in print May 2009 | ISBN: 9781847424655
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447302407 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847424655.003.0009
Dilemmas of citizenship: tensions between gender equality and cultural diversity in the Danish welfare state

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This chapter first introduces the citizenship frame and the challenges coming from globalisation and migration to the Nordic welfare and gender models characterised by universal social rights, participatory democracy, and so-called women-friendly policies. It then addresses the specific tensions between gender equality and diversity in the Danish approach to migration and integration, and the barriers to and potentials for including minority women in society. Additionally, the Danish approach to integration is explored by looking at ‘lived citizenship’. The qualitative studies of different groups of minority men and women have shown the gendered aspects of the multicultural challenge. They have also illustrated that, at the level of lived citizenship, there are tensions in the public and private lives of minority women (and men) connected with gender-equality norms and family values. Finally, the reflections on the intersection of gender and ethnicity from the Nordic contexts are described.

Keywords: gender equality; cultural diversity; welfare state; globalisation; migration; integration; citizenship

Chapter.  7598 words. 

Subjects: Gender and Sexuality

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