Chapter

Gender, citizenship and social justice in the Nordic welfare states: a view from the outside<sup>1</sup>

Ruth Lister

in Gender equality and welfare politics in Scandinavia

Published by Policy Press

Published in print May 2009 | ISBN: 9781847424655
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447302407 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847424655.003.0013
Gender, citizenship and social justice in the Nordic welfare states: a view from the outside1

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This chapter provides an outsider's assessment of the political ambition represented by the Nordic welfare-state model from a gender perspective. The Nordic countries lead the world and they hold the top five places in the World Economic Forum gender-gap index. The key in the half-full analysis is the highly developed social infrastructure of services and leave provisions, which have contributed to women's increased economic independence through paid employment and low levels of poverty. The chapter then presents a discussion on the ‘half-empty’ analysis. A number of commentators have been warning that diversity stands in tension with the values of solidarity and universalism, which are central to the Nordic model. One of the biggest challenges for the Nordic model is to develop new forms of gender-inclusive citizenship rooted in these cosmopolitan or reflective forms of solidarity.

Keywords: gender; welfare state; half full; half empty; Nordic model; citizenship; social justice

Chapter.  3282 words. 

Subjects: Gender and Sexuality

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