Chapter

Intergenerational inequality in Early Years assessments

Jo Blanden and Stephen Machin

in Children of the 21st century (Volume 2)

Published by Policy Press

Published in print February 2010 | ISBN: 9781847424761
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301790 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847424761.003.0009
Intergenerational inequality in Early Years assessments

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This chapter uses data from the MCS to provide some new empirical evidence on the extent to which one measure of parental background, family income, is correlated with two child outcomes, cognitive vocabulary ability and behavioural outcomes. It undertakes an analysis which considers the magnitude of age 3 and 5 test score gaps and gaps in behavioural outcomes by family income group. It also uses these data to describe the dynamics of child achievement and behaviour between these ages. It explores cross-cohort comparisons, comparing the MCS findings with those from earlier birth cohort studies. It offers a brief and necessarily highly selective description of relevant literature followed by a description of the data and the sample selections it adopts for empirical analysis. It presents new evidence on the inequality of early age child cognitive and behavioural outcomes, examines the early age dynamics of child achievement and behaviour, and presents conclusions.

Keywords: MCS; parental background; family income; cognitive vocabulary ability; behavioural outcomes; child achievement; cross-cohort comparisons; inequality

Chapter.  5951 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Marriage and the Family

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