Chapter

Beyond headcount: measures that reflect the breadth and components of child poverty

Sabina Alkire and José Manuel Roche

in Global Child Poverty and Well-being

Published by Policy Press

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9781847424822
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447307235 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847424822.003.0005
Beyond headcount: measures that reflect the breadth and components of child poverty

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This chapter presents a new approach to child poverty measurement that reflects the breadth and components of child poverty. The Alkire and Foster method seeks to answer the question ‘who is poor’ by considering the intensity of each child's poverty. Once children are identified as poor, the measures aggregate information on poor children's deprivations in a way that can be broken down to see where and how children are poor. The resulting measures go beyond the headcount by taking into account the breadth, depth or severity of dimensions of child poverty. The chapter illustrates one way to apply this method to child poverty measurement, using Bangladeshi data from four rounds of the Demographic Health Survey (1997–2007). We argue that child poverty should not be assessed only according to the incidence of poverty but also by the intensity of deprivations that batter poor children's lives at the same time.

Keywords: child poverty; poverty measurement; FGT measures; capability approach; Bangladesh

Chapter.  10111 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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