Multidimensional child poverty in Tanzania: analysis of situation, changes and sensitivity of thresholds<sup>1</sup>

Alberto Minujin and Enrique Delamonica

in Global Child Poverty and Well-being

Published by Policy Press

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9781847424822
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447307235 | DOI:
Multidimensional child poverty in Tanzania: analysis of situation, changes and sensitivity of thresholds1

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Tanzania has traditionally been an egalitarian society. However, the debt crisis of the 1980s and the ensuing adjustment policies period proved detrimental to equity. The economic recovery recently enjoyed by Tanzania has not resulted in a significant reduction of income poverty. While there has been progress in some social indicators it has been unconscionably slow for many dimensions of well-being. These observations call for a deeper analysis of the characteristics of poverty and disparities, moving beyond income poverty and income distribution. Thus, this chapter approaches the issue from the perspective of child poverty and its characteristics. Using a multidimensional approach, the analysis is centered on the depth and severity of child poverty and on the changes between 1999 and 2004/5. The sensitivity analysis indicates the estimation of child poverty is robust to changes in thresholds of various dimensions of deprivation. The analysis of the evidence gives indications on how to pursue effective policies that could improve the situation of children, especially girls, not only in education and nutrition but in the other dimensions as well.

Keywords: child poverty; child deprivation; depth and severity of poverty; sensitivity analysis

Chapter.  8535 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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