Chapter

Multidimensional child deprivation in Iran

Sepideh Yousefzadeh Faal Deghati, Andrés Mideros Mora and Chris De Neubourg

in Global Child Poverty and Well-being

Published by Policy Press

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9781847424822
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447307235 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847424822.003.0014
Multidimensional child deprivation in Iran

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The chapter analyses children's multidimensional deprivation in Iran in 2009 and explores inequalities in different regions. The study focused on outcome indicators, with the level of analysis focusing on the individual child as well as the household. A child rights approach is applied to define dimensions of children's deprivation. Six dimensions are examined related to education, shelter, water and sanitation, child labour, child marriage and information; under the three broad categories of rights, that is, provision, protection and participation. A dual cut-off identification strategy is applied and the thresholds are defined to establish three mutually exclusive deprivation levels (deprived, moderately deprived. The analysis shows that rural children have the highest deprivation rates under all dimensions and girls are more deprived than boys under education and labour. Some of the provinces with majority ethnic population have higher deprivation rates than the country's average, and Sistan & Baluchistan is the most deprived province. Moderate deprivation is higher than deprivation rate under all dimensions except for child labour, i.e. the ratio of working children who are also out of school is higher than those who work and still attend school.

Keywords: Rights-based; multidimensional; poverty; deprivation; inequality; 3Ps

Chapter.  11395 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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