Chapter

Constructing the international legal framework

Buck Trevor and Nicholson Andrea

in Child slavery now

Published by Policy Press

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9781847426109
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301714 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847426109.003.0003
Constructing the international legal framework

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This chapter examines the international legal frameworks relating to child labour and child trafficking. Even where states are politically willing to act effectively, the covert nature of child slavery can undermine these attempts; for those less politically compliant, the hidden nature of slavery provides an easy means for avoiding their responsibilities. The chapter concludes that the movement from generic rights to the creation of treaties concerned with more distinct practices and a focus on child-specific rights has led to the positive construction of measures that go beyond criminalisation and which are aimed at providing more comprehensive assistance to the victim and the recognition of children as active rights holders. It also discusses the prohibition of slavery, which was established in the 1926 Slavery Convention and subsequently reinforced under Article 4 of the 1948 United Nations Declaration of Human Rights; slavery and servitude; forced labour; inception of child rights and child welfare; and implementation and enforcement of international laws on child slavery.

Keywords: United Nations; 1926 Slavery Convention; child slavery; servitude; forced labour; child rights; international laws; treaties; child labour; child trafficking

Chapter.  7469 words. 

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