Chapter

Just out of reach: the challenges of ending the worst forms of child labour

Turner Catherine, McQuade Aidan and Restoy Enrique

in Child slavery now

Published by Policy Press

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9781847426109
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301714 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847426109.003.0004
Just out of reach: the challenges of ending the worst forms of child labour

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This chapter assesses the effectiveness of the International Labour Organisation's Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention No. 182, first by analysing outcomes of a ‘snapshot’ fieldwork study undertaken in Costa Rica, Kenya, Pakistan, and Togo. This kind of study helps to establish just how effective international protocols and conventions are in changing the situation on the ground. The chapter examines governments' progress in implementing measures to eradicate child slavery and slavery-like practices under the Convention. It also discusses five areas critical for ending the worst forms of child labour in general and hence, by implication also, child slavery. These were harmonisation of national laws, government consultations and coordination, data gathering, civil society and the media, and child participation. Overall, the impact of the Convention at the local level in these areas was disappointing. At a structural level, the impact of poverty, natural disasters, and large-scale migration were critical in generating conditions under which child labour became a significant local phenomenon.

Keywords: Costa Rica; Kenya; Pakistan; Togo; child labour; child slavery; national laws; civil society; media; government consultations

Chapter.  7878 words. 

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