Chapter

Child trafficking: a modern form of slavery<sup>1</sup>

de Glind Hans van

in Child slavery now

Published by Policy Press

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9781847426109
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301714 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847426109.003.0006
Child trafficking: a modern form of slavery1

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This chapter provides a detailed overview of the issue of child trafficking. Although the recruitment and movement involved in trafficking may appear voluntary at first, they eventually take on aspects of coercion by third parties. Girls, as with child domestic labour, are affected disproportionately, both for commercial sexual exploitation and domestic labour, whereas boys are more likely to be trafficked for forced labour. Critically, sexual exploitation, although dominant, is by no means the only form of child trafficking. A significant number of boys are also trafficked – both internally and externally from any one country – for sexual and other forms of exploitation. The chapter reviews key treaties, protocols, and conventions from 1949 that address the problem of child trafficking. Finally, it addresses a range of interventions demonstrated to be effective in fighting child trafficking, including stronger law enforcement and stricter, less ambiguous laws, as well as labour inspection, corporate social-responsibility mechanisms, and education.

Keywords: child trafficking; sexual exploitation; forced labour; treaties; protocols; conventions; law enforcement; corporate social responsibility; education; labour inspection

Chapter.  7715 words. 

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