Chapter

Child slavery in South and South East Asia

Cecilia Flores Oebanda

in Child slavery now

Published by Policy Press

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9781847426109
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301714 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847426109.003.0019
Child slavery in South and South East Asia

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This chapter discusses child slavery in South Asia and South East Asia, focusing on the Philippines. It examines structural factors driving the existence of child slavery, and shows that child slavery is facilitated not by a lack of legislation – laws banning child labour do exist in the Philippines, for example – but by weak political will and, in many instances, poor governance or ineffectual implementation by those charged with acting on anti-slavery laws and policies. The chapter notes that internal migration and migration to other countries – the Philippines being a prominent exporter of labour – are of such a scale that child labour is seen as an almost ‘normal’ process; with agents willing to manipulate, deceive, and coerce young people, tens of thousands find themselves in situations of debt bondage or being sexually exploited (or both). It looks at the initiatives of the Visayan Forum Foundation to fight for the rights of child domestic workers in the Philippines.

Keywords: South Asia; South East Asia; child slavery; Philippines; migration; child labour; debt bondage; Visayan Forum Foundation; child domestic workers

Chapter.  4894 words. 

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