Anne Power, Jörg Plö and Astrid Winkler

in Phoenix cities

Published by Policy Press

Published in print March 2010 | ISBN: 9781847426833
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447302964 | DOI:

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This chapter examines the collapse of Belfast, Northern Ireland as a major industrial city during the period from 1970 to 2000 and describes its recovery efforts. The legacy of Direct Rule left local authorities with weak local-government structures. Although gradual progress is being made in reconciling the communities, segregation along religious and socioeconomic lines continues. Regeneration and reconciliation have so far worked as twin processes in building forward momentum. But political uncertainties and interruptions in the process of devolution have sapped some of the initial energy.

Keywords: Belfast; industrial city; Northern Ireland; Direct Rule; local government; segregation; reconciliation; political uncertainties

Chapter.  5431 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Urban and Rural Studies

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