Chapter

Solidarity at the margins of European society: linking the European social model to local conditions and solidarities

Tomáš Sirovátka and Petr Mareš

in Reinventing Social Solidarity Across Europe

Published by Policy Press

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9781847427274
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447305552 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847427274.003.0003
Solidarity at the margins of European society: linking the European social model to local conditions and solidarities

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This chapter centrally examines how the Social Open Method of Co-ordination (OMC) is framed by the national understanding of solidarity, and, consequently, how is it implemented in the Czech republic in two specific policy fields: social inclusion and protection of minimum living standards, and labour market inclusion. The national understanding of solidarity is analyzed at two levels. Firstly, at the level of social capital, such as trust in people and trust in institutions, for example bridging social capital (solidarity with different social groups) and participation in civic society organizations, and perceptions of justice. Secondly, at the level of policy discourse as identified in policy documents (government declarations, national reports on social protection and social inclusion, interviews with policy makers). The chapter argues that the mainstream policies of the Social OMC have been redefined by prevailing neo-liberal policy discourses, which are partly underpinned by the attitudes of the public. The bottom-up policies by civic society are only slowly beginning to gain voice within the Social OMC, although currently, the Social OMC may be regarded as both a cognitive and strategic resource for their action in this field.

Keywords: solidarity; labour market; civil society; inclusion; social groups; protection; policy; citizenship

Chapter.  7359 words. 

Subjects: Social Movements and Social Change

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