Chapter

Social solidarities and immigration integration policies in South-Eastern Europe

Anna Krasteva

in Reinventing Social Solidarity Across Europe

Published by Policy Press

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9781847427274
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447305552 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847427274.003.0008
Social solidarities and immigration integration policies in South-Eastern Europe

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Social solidarity has not become a key word for the political discourse in South-Eastern Europe, and this is for two reasons. Firstly, because of the tension between the aspiration towards a European-style social market economy (or conservative corporatism) and a budget induced and IMF-World Bank-backed residualism and secondly, because of the lack of ‘European’ social solidarity to the aspiring candidate countries in the South-Eastern neighbourhoods in the time of global financial and economic crisis. On the contrary, the EC has consigned their economic recovery to the austerity measures of the IMF that essentially do not differ from the ‘old’ and now-discredited Washington Consensus. Articulating the distinction between ‘old’ and ‘new’ minorities, this chapter argues that South-Eastern Europe is burdened with the consequences of the liberal paradox rather than the benefits of social solidarity. Traditional ethnic communities have always been the object of integration policy, whenever applied in the Balkan countries, before moving on to examine the (un)preparedness of social and political actors for shifting the focus from old to new groups, from minorities to immigration, and their capacities for creating new public spaces of meetings, mutual understanding and dialogue, re-inventing social solidarity.

Keywords: social solidarity; minorities; integration; immigration; communities; dialogue; Balkan countries; citizenship; economic crisis

Chapter.  6542 words. 

Subjects: Social Movements and Social Change

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