Chapter

Social solidarity and preferences on welfare institutions across Europe

Béla Janky

in Reinventing Social Solidarity Across Europe

Published by Policy Press

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9781847427274
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447305552 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847427274.003.0012
Social solidarity and preferences on welfare institutions across Europe

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This chapter discusses the solidarity patterns and preferences of welfare institutions across Europe, focusing on people's attitudes towards the dilemma of public (i.e. state) versus market-based approaches to social policy. It examines both ideological attitudes and policy preferences, analysing cross-country differences in the distribution of solidarity preferences and the depth of intra-societal solidarities. The chapter places special emphasis on analysis of differences between groups of countries, defined by their welfare regimes and various other factors. A far-reaching welfare system is considered by many people to be an essential component of the European identity – a clear, distinguishing characteristic of these societies since the second half of the twentieth century. Differences between the European welfare systems have been the subject of several research projects over the past few decades, where variations appear to be both a consequence of attitudinal differences and, at the same time, one of the factors that account for attitudes towards welfare.

Keywords: solidarity; welfare; policy; Europe; attitudes; values; citizenship; solidarities; intra-societal solidarities

Chapter.  5647 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Movements and Social Change

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