Chapter

Short-lived greenhouse gases and climate fairness

Frances C. Moore and Michael C. MacCracken

in China's responsibility for climate change

Published by Policy Press

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9781847428134
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301844 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847428134.003.0007
Short-lived greenhouse gases and climate fairness

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This chapter considers another approach to the question of China's climate-related responsibilities found in Chapter Seven. It looks at questions of climate fairness from the perspective of so-called ‘short-lived’ GHGs, in particular black carbon. Short-lived GHGs, which also contribute to general air pollution, have a major role in global warming; black carbon alone is probably the second or third most important GHG. Unlike cutting CO2, reducing emissions of these short-lived GHGs results in a rapid reduction in their contribution to global warming. The short-lived pollutants also have significant adverse impacts on human and environmental health at regional and local levels. As the world's largest black-carbon soot emitter, China could push for substantial CO2 mitigation commitments from the developed countries in return for more aggressive action than it is presently taking to reduce its soot emissions in the coming decades.

Keywords: GHGs; black carbon; climate fairness; global warming; air pollution; reducing emissions; soot emissions; China

Chapter.  7288 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Urban and Rural Studies

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