Chapter

Demography of childhood

Jonathan Bradshaw

in The well-being of children in the UK

Published by Policy Press

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9781847428370
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447304005 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847428370.003.0002
Demography of childhood

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This chapter presents a review of recent developments in the demography of childhood in the UK and children's changing social relationships within the family. It also discusses the demographic characteristics of children — their numbers, gender, age, ethnicity, geographical location and family composition. Comparisons of UK children with those of other countries are then presented. It also reports the evidence of the impact of family structure on child well-being. The fluctuations in the number and age composition of children reflect changes in fertility and birth rates. The fertility rate is influenced by changes in the number of children women will have, the timing of births and migration patterns. Recent demographic changes challenge the well-being of children in the UK, and the outcomes depend on children's and their family's ability to develop strategies that help successfully to adapt to changing circumstances.

Keywords: childhood; UK children; demography; gender; age; ethnicity; geographical location; family structure; fertility rate; birth rate

Chapter.  4158 words.  Illustrated.

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