Chapter

Children and young people in and leaving care

Gwyther Rees and Mike Stein

in The well-being of children in the UK

Published by Policy Press

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9781847428370
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447304005 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847428370.003.0009
Children and young people in and leaving care

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This chapter presents descriptive information about numbers and trends. It also covers the number of children in care and time trends in these statistics, the reasons that children are admitted to care, the characteristics of children who spend time in care, the experiences of and lengths of time that children spend in care and the routes through which they leave care. Additionally, a summary of evidence on the well-being of children in care, or who have been in care, during childhood, in the transition to adulthood and in later life is provided. A review of the international evidence from 16 countries shows that as a group, young people aged 16 and over leaving care in the transition to adulthood, have a high risk of social exclusion. Stability and continuity of placement and quality of care have been shown to be key factors in promoting positive well-being of looked after children.

Keywords: care; children; time trends; well-being; childhood; adulthood; social exclusion

Chapter.  7030 words. 

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