Childcare and early years

Christine Skinner

in The well-being of children in the UK

Published by Policy Press

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9781847428370
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447304005 | DOI:
Childcare and early years

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This chapter provides a review of the childcare policy framework and evaluates current policy directions. It then presents research evidence on the benefits of formal childcare services for child development. The trends in childcare are also described. The Effective Provision of Pre-school Education (EPPE) study showed a complex interaction between quantity and quality of care, but quality remained key to the production of good outcomes, especially maintaining them over the primary school period. It is significant to have some formal childcare experience up to age three on positive cognitive outcomes at ages three and age five. The analysis of the EPPE, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and Millennium Cohort Survey (MCS) longitudinal population surveys illustrates that the case for formal early years care producing positive child development outcomes is incontrovertible, especially if it is high quality care provided in group settings.

Keywords: childcare policy; child development; early years; Effective Provision of Pre-school Education; National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; Millennium Cohort Survey

Chapter.  7899 words.  Illustrated.

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