Chapter

Beyond low income: economic resources, financial hardship and poverty

Peter Saunders

in Down and out

Published by Policy Press

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9781847428394
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447302155 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847428394.003.0003
Beyond low income: economic resources, financial hardship and poverty

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This chapter extends the analysis of income poverty by combining income-based estimates with other (primarily economic) information that is designed to establish whether those with incomes below the poverty line are indeed poor. It notes that the analysis represents a first step along the path from an indirect (income-based) approach to a more direct approach that seeks to incorporate information about the living standards actually achieved, and opens up several issues and methods. It explores one approach that uses data on household spending patterns, wealth holdings, and the incidence of financial hardship to refine income-based poverty estimates. It illustrates the potential of the underlying ideas to extend and improve poverty line studies, but the precise methods adopted are indicative and the estimates presented are best regarded as experimental.

Keywords: income poverty; income-based estimates; poverty line; poor; household spending; living standards

Chapter.  9307 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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