Which children are fully online?

Ellen Helsper

in Children, risk and safety on the internet

Published by Policy Press

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9781847428837
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9781447307723 | DOI:
Which children are fully online?

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Digital exclusion and low engagement with information and communication technologies (ICTs) by particular social groups is usually researched among adults. Little research is done in relation to children under the assumption that they are all digital natives and thus fully online. This chapter uses EU Kids Online data to examine whether there are differences in access among different groups of young European internet users. Education, gender and age are all associated with different types and quality of access but the strength of the relationship between these socio-demographic characteristics and access vary by country. These differences between European countries are associated with general, national level inequalities between education, gender and age groups, and with the level of internet diffusion within each country.

Keywords: Digital inclusion; Internet access; Socio-demographic differences; Socio-economic inequalities; Cross-national comparisons

Chapter.  4175 words.  Illustrated.

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