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Disability, poverty and healthcare: changes in the <i>canji</i> (‘disability’) policies in the history of the People's Republic of China

Heidi Fjeld and Gry Sagli

in Disability and poverty

Published by Policy Press

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9781847428851
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447302063 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847428851.003.0003
Disability, poverty and healthcare: changes in the canji (‘disability’) policies in the history of the People's Republic of China

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This chapter aims to provide an overview of the development of disability policy in the history of the People's Republic of China (PRC). It argues that seen in the perspective of the PRC's political history, the new health reform that was launched in 2002 indicates a significant turn in the party-state's disability policy. This recent phase is characterised by a focus on general welfare services, rather than preferential treatments, and reintroduces the party-state as a major agent in the field of disability. International studies point to poverty and disability being mutually constituted in the sense that people with disabilities are often trapped into poverty because of exclusion from social, economic, and political opportunities, as well as the financial burden related to their impairments; while poor people, with limited access to adequate services, often risk illness, injury, and impairment.

Keywords: PRC; China; disability policy; health reform; welfare services; social exclusion

Chapter.  10652 words. 

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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