The sources of information that enable examination of both the structural and legal barriers to Muslims’ achievement in European states are discussed, and the changes required for the cohesion sought by the framework of integration envisioned by the European Commission. Data sources include: the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, the European Commission for Racism and Intolerance, the European Social Survey, the UK Office of National Statistics and the UK Home Office, the Survey of Muslim Life in Germany, the German General Social Survey (ALLBUS), and Statistics Netherlands. The chapter provides a foundation for the following extensive quantitative examination of the well-being of Muslims in Europe and the mechanisms through which their access to legitimate opportunities is blocked by bureaucratic regulations, public policy, discrimination and prejudice.
Keywords: Integration; Immigration; European Commission on Racism and Intolerance; European Agency for Fundamental Rights; European Social Survey; German General Social Survey; Muslim well-being; Social Cohesion in Europe; Council of Europe; Minorities and Marginalization
Chapter. 9527 words.
Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility
Full text: subscription required