Chapter

Community sentences and desistance from crime

David Faulkner and Ros Burnett

in Where Next For Criminal Justice?

Published by Policy Press

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9781847428929
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447305569 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847428929.003.0008
Community sentences and desistance from crime

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This chapter focuses on community-based sentences and interventions, and on individual change processes, from offending to desistance and reintegration in society. Supervision of offenders in the community has traditionally fallen to probation services and the youth offending services of local authorities. This chapter therefore looks at shared aspects of these two public sector services, and provides a critical review of their restructuring and recharacterisation during the past three decades, towards being services concerned with punishing and managing people and away from caring, helping and nurturing change. It explores frontline practice in work with offenders and their families; interagency partnerships and voluntary sector contributions to community justice; and the role of relationship and personal agency and other self factors in effective interventions. In reviewing rehabilitation, the chapter looks at alternative approaches and bodies of research relevant to contemporary rehabilitative practice: psychotherapy and counselling; therapeutic jurisprudence; procedural justice; and the desistance paradigm. It highlights some recent multi-agency initiatives that exemplify good practice, through joined-up practical help, problem-solving and strengths-based approaches which engage the capabilities and decision of individuals in turning their lives around.

Keywords: probation; youth justice; rehabilitation; desistance; supervision; support; alliance; agency

Chapter.  8690 words. 

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