Chapter

Flexibility and employment security: an analysis of work careers

Fabio Berton, Matteo Richiardi and Stefano Sacchi

in The political economy of work security and flexibility

Published by Policy Press

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9781847429070
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9781447307631 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847429070.003.0004
Flexibility and employment security: an analysis of work careers

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Some employment contracts have an expiration date while others do not, but this does not imply that the former lead to less employment security than the latter. First, they do not necessarily last for a shorter period of time; second, fixed-term contracts may be used as probationary periods at the end of which a worker may be retained under a standard arrangement; third, many short-lived contracts may succeed each other with negligible interruptions and therefore produce a continuous employment status. An empirical analysis that brings all these considerations together suggests however that in the mid term workers in Italy with fixed-term contracts spend more time in unemployment than workers with open-ended arrangements. As the likelihood of getting a standard job does not compensate for this situation, we argue that in Italy non-standard employment relationships bring to more employment insecurity for the worker. Comparative analysis follows, highlighting similarities in Germany, and particularly in Spain and Japan.

Keywords: Employment security; Employment duration; Unemployment duration; Job-to-job transitions; Port-of-entry hypothesis

Chapter.  5931 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Occupations, Professions, and Work

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