Chapter

Cultures of public policy problems

Robert Hoppe

in The governance of problems

Published by Policy Press

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9781847429629
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303848 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781847429629.003.0004
Cultures of public policy problems

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This chapter examines the politico-cognitive aspects of problem structuring in their cultural-institutional ecology and dynamics. It constructs a culturalist theory of the socio-political contexts of problem framing and structuring in the public domain in Western welfare states. Using grid-group cultural theory and the typology of policy problems, the discussion shows how, in such translation and framing dynamics, each culture or way of life corresponds to a particular problem-framing and problem-definition strategy. It explains that each of the four problem structures has strong selective affinities or congruencies with only one type of cultural-institutional environment: hierarchy, individualism, groupism or enclavism, and isolationism or fatalism.

Keywords: problem structuring; fatalism; individualism; institutional ecology; Western welfare states; cultural theory

Chapter.  13157 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Organizations

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