Chapter

Making work for welfare in the United States

Michael Wiseman

in 'An offer you can't refuse'

Published by Policy Press

Published in print January 2001 | ISBN: 9781861341952
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301462 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861341952.003.0008
Making work for welfare in the United States

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This chapter discusses the policy developments that have resulted in increasing levels of decentralisation and from the principle that relief from poverty is a citizenship right. The discussion is centred on workfare policies that were introduced as part of the acceleration of welfare reform during the 1990s, starting with an overview of the social assistance system. The chapter also points to the high degree of discretion that individual states have over provision arrangements, and the variable and minimal levels of support available to single childless unemployed people of working age. It then focuses on the developments in three locations — New York City, Wisconsin, and California — and considers the different ways that welfare reform has played out in practice.

Keywords: policy developments; decentralisation; relief from poverty; social assistance system; provision arrangements; levels of support

Chapter.  12191 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology

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