Chapter

Five perspectives on citizenship and welfare

Peter Dwyer

in Welfare rights and responsibilities

Published by Policy Press

Published in print September 2000 | ISBN: 9781861342041
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447304234 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861342041.003.0003
Five perspectives on citizenship and welfare

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This chapter explores in more detail five perspectives on citizenship and welfare that are of relevance in the contemporary British setting. It analyses each of the chosen perspectives in terms of the three key themes which are central to the study: welfare provision, conditionality, and membership. The first standpoint to be considered is the one outlined by T. H. Marshall in Citizenship and social class (1992). The chapter discusses his general theory of citizenship, with particular attention to the social-rights element. It then examines two very different approaches to citizenship and welfare, those of the New Right and the new communitarians. This is followed by an analysis of New Labour's outlook with regard to the welfare element of citizenship. Finally, the chapter analyses welfare from an Islamic perspective and argues that the vision of citizenship outlined by Marshall has been superseded by a new welfare orthodoxy which stresses a reduced role for the state in the provision of welfare and increasingly conditional social rights.

Keywords: T. H. Marshall; citizenship; welfare; welfare provision; conditionality; membership; social rights; New Right; communitarians; New Labour

Chapter.  20189 words. 

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