Chapter

Income inequalities and poverty among children and households with children in selected OECD countries

Howard Oxley, Thai-Thanh Dang, Michael F. Förster and Michele Pellizzari

in Child well-being, child poverty and child policy in modern nations (Revised 2nd Edition)

Published by Policy Press

Published in print February 2001 | ISBN: 9781861342539
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301738 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861342539.003.0016
Income inequalities and poverty among children and households with children in selected OECD countries

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This chapter studies the changes that occurred in average incomes, poverty of children, and the distribution of incomes. It suggests some possible factors that support these changes, and analyses the response of the tax/transfer system to changes in market income across countries and over time. The discussion tries to determine whether the economic situation of children has deteriorated, while the changes to the overall income distribution of children are analysed using the different distribution indices. The chapter also looks at the impact of income taxes and public transfers on low incomes among children, and provides some implications of the results for policy.

Keywords: average incomes; child poverty; income distribution; tax/transfer system; market income changes; economic situation; distribution indices; income taxes; public transfers

Chapter.  9725 words. 

Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology

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