Chapter

Citizenship, changing labour markets and welfare policies: an introduction

Jørgen Goul Andersen and Per H. Jensen

in Changing labour markets, welfare policies and citizenship

Published by Policy Press

Published in print January 2002 | ISBN: 9781861342720
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301660 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861342720.003.0001
Citizenship, changing labour markets and welfare policies: an introduction

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The change in the labour market is seen as one of the most serious threats to the economic sustainability of European welfare states, and to the realization of the ideal ‘full citizenship’ among their citizens. Technological change and globalisation have resulted in the decline of labour market fortunes for the lower-skilled and the vulnerable segments of the labour force. This has led to social marginalisation and to a barrier in economic growth. Inflexible labour markets with high minimum wages mean that unemployment becomes structural so that an economic upturn leads to increased competition for skilled labour and thus to inflation rather than significantly reduced unemployment. This book presents some contributions to building more detailed comparative knowledge based on new and complex approaches which focus on citizenship, welfare arrangements, marginalisation as a multidimensional phenomenon and the need to differentiate the dimensions of gender, age, values and ethnicity when analysing marginalisation and citizenship. The aims of this book is: to contribute to the theoretical clarification of the key concepts of changing labour markets, citizenship, welfare policies and marginalisation; to take first steps towards applying such a framework to illuminate how European welfare states have handled similar problems through policies that give different emphasis on social rights and citizenship; and to discuss conditions and new directions of change by contributing to an understanding of the interplay of external challenges, institutions and agency in this policy field. In this introduction, the concepts of changing labour markets and welfare policies, including the concepts of marginalisation and citizenship are clarified and defined first before outlining the themes of the succeeding chapters.

Keywords: labour market; economic sustainability; European welfare states; full citizenship; social marginalisation; labour force; citizenship; welfare arrangements

Chapter.  4702 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Occupations, Professions, and Work

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